School of Medicine
University of Patras
>University of Patras
Undergraduate Courses

Internal Medicine (Clinical Training - Cardiology/Nephrology)

Semester 9th & 10th ()

Hours Teaching 0 hours, Laboratory 0 hours, Tutorial 0 hours , Clinical Training 35 hours (per week)



The aim of the course is to educate the students of the 5th year in the conduct of clinical practice and acquire the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes needed in postgraduate medical practice.
Students are distributed to the pathological sections according to the program of the Secretariat of the Internal Medicine Department under the responsibility of faculty members who have been determined. The main objective is to train the student of the 5th year to take a medical history and be able to make proper physical examination. The student must be familiar with the concept of hospitalization cause, of the disease and medical history and of the conduct of a detailed clinical examination. As has become clear from the previous years, a lot of practice is needed in the approach of the patients and their problems but also in the physical examination. The techniques and skills needed for a proper clinical examination can only be obtained with clinical practice.  Therefore, the students are given the opportunity for the above, as they may be repeated even in the same patient on a daily basis. Most health problems can be solved by careful medical history taking and physical examination. If there is any problem, the student can request the help of the doctors of the clinic. Students are, also exposed to the way to approach diseases (and differential treatment). The simultaneous study of books on physical examination and Internal Medicine given, will lead to better understanding of the pathophysiology of diseases.
The student is trained to present clearly, briefly and comprehensively the patient to the group. Efforts should be made to expose the student to as many patients and diseases as possible. At the same time the student is given the opportunity to develop the ability to work with all the members of the medical team.
During the visit the students gain theoretical training on cases hospitalized in the clinic. The trainers make references to the condition of the patient examined and questions that link theory with clinical practice in order to cause concern and better assimilation of knowledge.
Under the guidance of the medical personnel, students learn how to make some therapeutic and diagnostic operations such as blood tests, electrocardiogram and blood sugar measurement.
Clean medical coat and decorous behavior is necessary at the Hospital. Students should avoid informing patients, that they attend, on the progress of the clinical, laboratory examinations and to refer them to the relevant doctors. Clinical notes contain confidential information and it is important to protect the confidentiality of the patient.
The students know the topics of the course in advance. The topics are presented by faculty members and students are adequately prepared to participate actively in the discussion. The presence of all the students is compulsory. Students should also attend all the training events in the clinic obligingly (grand rounds, conferences).
Students will be on call in the external call of the clinic until 10 pm. The call is determined by the educational team in which the student belongs. On call trainee doctors and the students are given the opportunity to examine upfront patients admitted to the Hospital. The student participates in the activities of the call group actively.
During the exercise the presence of the student is required (two absences for serious reasons are allowed). During clinical practice the student remains at the clinic.