School of Medicine
University of Patras
>University of Patras
Undergraduate Courses

Anatomy I

Semester 2nd ()

Code MED_231

Hours Teaching 3 hours, Laboratory 0 hours, Tutorial 0 hours , Clinical Training 0 hours (per week)



Introduction to anatomy of the human body
  • Principles of morphology and formation of the Human body, Cells- Extracellular matrix, Cell adhesion ,Tissues, Solid and Hollow organs
  • Anatomical vocabulary, anatomical descriptive terms, Anatomical position of the human body, planes and axes of the body, Body cavities, epithelial tissue and serous membranes.
Introduction to systems of the human body
Introduction to the cardio-vascular system
Introduction to the Nervous System (Part 1)
Introduction to the Nervous System (Part 2)
A. Introduction to musculoskeletal system
  • History: From Vesalius up to molecular Anatomy.
  • Musculoskeletal system and art
  • General principles of the organization of the musculoskeletal system. Muscular and skeletal function
  • Structure and function of ligaments, tendons, fascia and aponeurosis. Morphology, types and function of joints
  • Histology and molecular biology of cartilage and bonny tissue
  • Basic principles of radiological imaging of the musculoskeletal system
  • Introduction to clinical anatomy - correlation with basic pathology (e.g. arthritis, fractures, osteoporosis)
  • Basic principles of molecular mechanisms which are implicated in embryology, development and pathology of common musculoskeletal system disorders
B. Radiological imaging of the musculoskeletal system
  • Plain x-rays
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • MRI imaging
  • Virtual Anatomy
C. Clinical Anatomy and topography
  • Upper limb, Lower limb, skull, spine, anatomy of the body wall
  • Buttock region (hip joint, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Thigh (femoral bone, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Knee (knee joint, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Calf region (bones, anatomical compartments, muscles, vessels, nerves).
  • Foot and ankle (ankle joint, small joints of the foot, muscles, vessels, nerves).
  • Clinical and imaging correlations
  • Surface anatomy of lower limb
  • Shoulder region (Joints, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Arm region (humerus, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Elbow (Joints, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Forearm (bones, anatomical compartments, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Hand and wrist (wrist joint, small joints of the hand, muscles, vessels, nerves)
  • Clinical and imaging correlations
  • Surface anatomy of upper limb
  • Skeleton of the skull (Cranial bones-cranium and skeleton of the face, inner and outer surfaces, mandible, articular surfaces for mandible and first cervical vertebra).
  • Temporo-Mandibular joint: Articulated bones, articular surfaces, type of joint, ligaments and movements
  • Spine: Parts and spinal curves. Anatomy of the vertebra: body, lamina (pedicles, lamina, processes), vertebral foramen. Special characteristics of vertebras according to their position in spine (cervical, thoracic e.t.c.). Sacrum and coccyx. Joints between vertebras, skull and pelvis. Joint type, bones and articular surfaces, movements. Ligaments of the spine. Movements of the spine. Intervertebral discs: structure and function. Imaging of the spine.
  • Mimic muscles.
  • Masseter muscles.
  • Muscles of the back.
  • Clinical anatomy of the axial skeleton: (Fractures and dislocations, abnormal spinal curves (scoliosis, lordosis), lumbar puncture, disk hernia.


Introduction to the basics

The student is given all the basic knowledge of Anatomy, which is mandatory  for understanding the morphology and the function of the human body
Musculoskeletal system
The student has to study and understand the gross anatomy of the skeletal and muscular system including the vessels and the nerves which are related to these systems.
Emphasis to the functional and clinical anatomy is given in order the student to be able to use all the knowledge to clinical praxis, during the following years of the studies.

Reading Material

Clinical Anatomy. Richard Snell
Clinically orientated Anatomy by Moore-Dalley-Agur