School of Medicine
University of Patras
>University of Patras
Undergraduate Courses

Introduction to Clinical Μedicine

Semester 1st ()

Code MED_161

Hours Teaching 2 hours, Laboratory 0 hours, Tutorial 0 hours , Clinical Training 0 hours (per week)



The course includes:

  • Introduction.

  • Principles of exercise of Medical Science / Physician characteristics.

  • Principles of medical history / physical examination.

  • Characteristics of patients with acute disease.

  • Characteristics of patients with chronic disease.

  • Characteristics of the pediatric patient.

  • Features of female - patient.

  • Health system.

  • Preventative Medicine.

  • Principles of transfusion and transplantation.

  • Oncologic and terminally ill patient.

  • Principles of ethics – ethics.

  • Evidence Based Medicine – Critical Appraisal



The course "Introduction to Clinical Medicine" is the first lesson to introduce the student to issues related to Clinical Medicine and aims its original familiarization and understanding of matters of general interest in relation to the clinical practice of medicine. The courses are conducted by clinicians from the auditorium and they refer to the organization of medical education, problems in the practice of clinical medicine and the principles underlying it, the modern version of the Hippocratic Oath, the differences between the treatment of patients with acute or chronic diseases, the differences that characterize the woman-patient and the child-patient. The course also refers to modern health systems and health system in Greece, the importance of prevention in medicine, the issue, indications and problems of blood transfusions and organ transplantation, how to tackle the terminally ill and, finally, the ethical principles that govern contemporary clinical practice. In parallel the course addresses the importance of self-initiated, life-long learning that results in evidence based medical practice, combining best available evidence with clinical expertise and individual patients’ needs.

Following successful completion of this course the student is expected to

  • Have understood core points in medical history and physical examination

  • Be able to review findings and comprehend the concept of differential diagnosis

  • Understand specific needs and required skills in diagnosis and management of oncologic, psychiatric, gynaecologic and paediatric patients

  • Distinguish between acute and chronically ill patients

  • Understand the principles underlying blood transfusion and transplantation medicine

  • Be able to critically appraise and make use of scientific literature search engines and databases

  • Be aware of bioethics principles ruling basic science research, clinical trials and every day clinical practice

  • Be familiar with contemporary health systems and delivery of health care

Reading Material

  • Bickley, L. S., Szilagyi, P. G., & Bates, B. (2007). Bates' guide to physical examination and history taking. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

  • Macleod, J., Munro, J. F., Edwards, C. R. W., & University of Edinburgh. (1990). Macleod's clinical examination. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone.

  • Ε learning material / student notes as uploaded in e-class