School of Medicine
University of Patras
>University of Patras
Undergraduate Courses

Orthopaedics (Clinical Training)

Semester 11th & 12th ()

Hours Practical Training 25 hours per week (for 2 weeks)



The student during this class should be able to:

  1. Recognize the clinical presentation of emergency orthopaedic cases and managed them appropriate.
  2. Apply casts, dressings and splints and to know their usage and complications.
  3. Recognize the clinical signs of orthopaedic soft tissues, joints and bone infections. He/she must be able to start immediate therapy and order the appropriate laboratory and imagine tests. 
  4. Interpret and understood the radiological signs of fractures and degenerative diseases in orthopaedics. 
  5. Perform a thorough clinical examination and comprehensive history taking for orthopaedic diseases in the past. To explain the problem to the patient and his or her relatives. To cooperate with the rest medical and nursery stuff of the clinic.
  6. Attend basic surgical procedures in the OR and discuss the approach and management with the consultants.
  7. Actively participate in the on call rota at the A & E Department under the supervision of specialist registrars and consultants.
  8. Participate in the regular outpatient office of the clinic where he/she will be able to examine the patients, interpret the x-rays and to follow up the patients who have been operated. 
  9. Attend the clinical exercise courses dealing with the clinical examination of the orthopaedic patient and the management of commonest orthopaedic injuries and diseases.

Reading Material

Weekly program of the clinical exercise class

1st WEEK

1. Ankle joint and foot disorders                                                     
2. Radiological exercise I: Orthopaedic Traumatology                      
1. Neurological examination of upper limb and cervical spine
2. Radiological exercise II: Orthopaedic diseases    
1. Pelvis and hip                                               
2. Emergency situations in Orthopaedics                    
1. Anatomy & pathophysiology of muscles, tendons and ligaments: Overuse Syndromes
2. Rehabilitation of patients with motor deficits (Spine centrum – Rehab Unit)
1. Shoulder and Elbow                                        
2. Bone defects – distractive osteogenesis (Ilizarov)
2nd WEEK
1. Knee                                                                              
2. Compression neuropathies of peripheral nerves                          
1. Neurological examination of lower limb and Lumbar Spine                    
2. Conservative fracture treatment (splints, casts, taping)           
1. Wrist and hand                            
2. Cartilage injuries                                            
1. Management of the multiple-injured patient (Damage Control Orthopaedics)                            
2. Rehabilitation of patients with spine injuries (Spine Centrum – Rehab Unit)
1. Walking-motion analysis                                                           
2. Evaluation – oral exams