School of Medicine
University of Patras
>University of Patras
Undergraduate Courses

Microbiology II

Semester 5th ()

Hours Teaching 6 hours, Laboratory 3 hours, Tutorial 0 hours , Clinical Training 0 hours (per week)


Reading Material

Clinical Bacteriology- Clinical Virology-Clinical Mycology- Clinical Parasitology

During the course of Clinical Bacteriology are developed infections from: Gram (+) cocci: staphylococci, streptococci. Gram (+) bacteria: Corynobacteria, Listeria, bacilli, clostridia. Gram (-) cocci: meningococcus, gonococcus. Gram (-) bacteria: pseudomonas, brucella, bornteteles, Enterobacteriaceae, vibrios, haemophilia. Spirochetes: Treponema pale, Borrelia, leptospires. Spiral: Campylobacter. Mycobacteria: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium leprae. Actinomycetes. Nokardies. Rickettsiae. Chlamydia. Mycoplasma.

During the courses of Clinical Virology are developed infections caused by RNA and DNA viruses, namely: RNA viruses: picornavirus: Enteroviruses (polioviruses, viruses Coxsackie A & B, viruses ECHO, enteroviruses 68-71) and rhinoviruses. Reovirus: Reo-viruses, Rota-viruses. Toga-viruses: rubella virus. Orthomyxoviruses: influenza viruses. Paramyxoviruses: mumps virus, measles virus, paramyxoviruses 1, 2, 3 and 4, respiratory syncytial virus. Baculoviruses: Rabies virus. Retroviruses: HTLV I & II, HIV. DNA viruses: Papovavirus: human papilloma viruses. Adenoviruses, Herpes: Types 1-8. Varicella–zoster. Cytomegalovirus (CMV). Virus Epstein-Barr (EBV). Specific groups of viruses: Arboviruses. Hepatitis viruses: HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV, GBV-G or HGV. Slow viruses.

Developed during the course of Clinical Mycology: Introduction to Clinical Mycology - characteristic properties of fungi, pathogenic for humans’ fungi, human mycosis pathogenesis, clinical and laboratory diagnosis of mycosis. Superficial fungal infections (infections pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, laboratory diagnosis) - Dermatophytes: microspores, thrichophyta, epidermophyta - Superficial fungal infections caused by other fungi: Malassezia furfur, Candida, Aspergillus. Subcutaneous tissue mycosis (causes and pathogenesis). Systemic fungal infections (causes and pathogenesis). Opportunistic fungal infections: Genus Candida - C. albicans, Genus Cryptococcus - C. neoformans.

In the laboratory, techniques directed to the isolation and identification of microorganisms from blood, urine, cerebrospinal fluid, upper and lower respiratory tract and feces cultures, are developed.