School of Medicine
University of Patras
>University of Patras
Undergraduate Courses

Andrology (Clinical Training)

Semester 11th & 12th ()

Hours Practical Training 25 hours per week (for 2 weeks)



The significant evolution of Urologic subspecialties and the accumulation of knowledge through the contemporary scientific progress led to the edition of the textbook of Andrology. The daily requirement of teaching at the School of Medicine of the University of Patras, concerning undergraduate students, resident physicians and students attending the postgraduate studies programme of the Urologic clinic necessitated the publishing of ANDROLOGY.

At the first part of male sexual dysfunction knowledge arranged in logical sequence is presented, systematically approaching the condition of erectile dysfunction from the anatomical structure of the area concerning embryology and neurophysiology to the medical and surgical treatment. In particular chapters the condition of priapism, Peyronie’s disease, and endocrinopathy are presented. In a separate chapter the clinical and laboratory investigation of sexual dysfunction is also presented in detail.

At the second part of subfertility curriculum includes elements of embryology, normal spermiogram, elements of immunobiology, endocrinopathies related to subfertility, cryptorchidism, testicular torsion, genital tract infections, obstructive azoospermia, normal biopsy and biopsies typical of subfertility syndromes and surgical techniques for rehabilitation. Finally, the up to date evolution and different techniques concerning in vitro fertilization and assisted natural conception are presented. Allowing that sexual dysfunction is a condition concerning the couple and not just the male, the last part of the course is on female sexual dysfunction.

Male sexual dysfunction:

  1. Anatomy of genital tract
  2. Embryology
  3. Male erectile dysfunction-Sexual dysfunction
  4. The normal sexual function
  5. Prerequisites for normal erectile function
  6. Physical examination-medication
  7. Particular diagnostic tests concerning sexual dysfunction
  8. Categories of erectile dysfunction
  9. Peyronie’s disease
  10. Priapism
  11. Treatment of sexual dysfunction

MalMale subfertility:

  1. Elements of embryology
  2. The normal spermiogram
  3. Elements of immunobiology for the comprehension of possible parameters concerning male subfertility
  4. Causes of male subfertility
  5. Cryptorchidism
  6. Testicular torsion
  7. Genital tract infections
  8. Obstructive azoospermia
  9. Testicular biopsy
  10. Cirsocele
  11. Microsurgery
  12. Endocrine assessment of the subfertile male
  13. Classification of male subfertility based on the spermiogram
  14. Obstruction of the deferent ducts of the testis
  15. Toxic causes or factors affecting spermatogenesis
  16. Assisted - reproduction techniques

Female sexual dysfunction